The Ironic Eye in Jules Laforgue and Georges Seurat.

SMC Author

Joan Halperin

SMC Affiliated Work


Author Role

contributing author




School of Liberal Arts


World Languages and Cultures

Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Date


Publication Title

Seurat re-viewed


Paul Smith


University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University Press


Georges Seurat is best known as the painter of A Sunday on the Grande Jatte—1884, one of the most recognizable and reproduced works of art in the world. In recent years the painting has been the subject of a highly successful exhibition, the inspiration for a Broadway musical (by Stephen Sondheim), and the subject of a television program. The Grande Jatte has achieved this iconic status for a number of reasons, but is unknown to most people except as a simulacrum. The Grande Jatte is also plagued by the long-standing cliché that it embodies a “scientific” way of painting. The painting is much more complex, however; so is Seurat’s body of work as a whole. In this collection of essays, Paul Smith has assembled a broader view of Seurat’s oeuvre. Seurat Re-viewedtouches on its engagement with society, gender, politics, new artists’ materials, and developments in art theory.

Individual essays focus on the many facets of Seurat’s work and its context, including its use of color and its debt to color theory; its exploitation of different drawing media; its connection to the work of the artist’s contemporaries, including the poets Jules Laforgue and Stéphane Mallarmé; and its concern with nineteenth-century social issues. The contributions also show important links among the Grande Jatte, literary Symbolism, and the development of future Modernist practices. The book amounts to a major reevaluation of Seurat’s art in the culture of the late nineteenth century.

In addition to the editor, the contributors are Anthea Callen, S. Hollis Clayson, Jonathan Crary, Joan U. Halperin, Richard Hobbs, John House, Brendan Prendeville, Georges Roque, and Richard Shiff.



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Linguistics | Social and Behavioral Sciences

Original Citation

Halperin, Joan. "The Ironic Eye in Jules Laforgue and Georges Seurat." Seurat re-viewed. Ed. Paul Smith. University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University Press, c2009. 113-146.